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Assessing the toxicity of three "inert" herbicide safeners toward Danio rerio: Effects on embryos development

文献类型: 外文期刊

作者: Liu, Sihong 1 , 2 ; Deng, Xile 2 ; Zhou, Xiaomao 1 , 2 ; Bai, Lianyang 1 , 2 ;

作者机构: 1.Hunan Univ, Long Ping Branch, Grad Sch, Changsha 410125, Peoples R China

2.Hunan Acad Agr Sci, Hunan Agr Biotechnol Res Inst, Key Lab Biol & Control Weeds, Changsha 410125, Peoples R China

关键词: AD-67; Fenclorim; Flurazole; Developmental Toxicity; Zebrafish embryos

期刊名称:ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY ( 影响因子:6.291; 五年影响因子:6.393 )

ISSN: 0147-6513

年卷期: 2021 年 207 卷

页码:

收录情况: SCI

摘要: Recent studies indicated that 'inert ingredients' exert negative effects on the environment. Herbicide safeners are classed as 'inert ingredients', which increase the selectivity and detoxification of herbicides. However, little attention has been focused on the environmental behavior of herbicide safeners. AD-67 (AD), fenclorim (FM), and flurazole (FZ) are three commercially available herbicide safeners. In this study, zebrafish embryos were used as a model to investigate the potential developmental toxicity of these three safeners. The results showed that AD, FM, and FZ 96 h-LC50 values were 2.52, 1.26, and 2.01 mg/L, respectively. Significant decreased body lengths were observed in embryos after 96 h of exposure to 0.2 mg/L FM and FZ. Hatching rates significantly increased at 24 h and decreased at 96 h in all treatment groups (0.02 mg/L AD, 0.2 mg/L AD, 0.02 mg/L AD, 0.2 mg/L FZ, as well as 0.01 and 0.1 mg/L FM). No significant (p > 0.05) changes in heartbeat numbers (60 s), but clearly increased malformation rates were observed in response to safeners exposure. Furthermore, embryos showed signs of oxidative stress, such as decreased activities of superoxide dismutase, altered activities of glutathione reductase and catalase and cell apoptosis. The gene transcription related to body malformation (egf, krt 17, and tbx 16) and cell apoptosis (bcl 2 and bax) changed in treated groups. These genes have been connected to potential toxicological mechanisms. These results indicate that the herbicide safeners AD, FM, and FZ induced developmental toxicities in zebrafish embryos. This study is the first report of the toxicity of safeners in the development of zebrafish embryos. The results may be useful for assessing the risk of herbicides safeners in the aquatic ecosystem.

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